Vivah Panchami has special importance in all the Puranas, but despite being so important, marriages are not performed on this day in many places. Religiously, this day is very important, but in Mithilanchal and Nepal marriages are not performed on Vivah Panchami. Panchami Tithi of Shukla Paksha of Margashirsha month is considered special due to the marriage of Lord Rama and Mother Sita.
The festival is celebrated on Vivah Panchami, but in view of Sita’s tragic marital life, marriages are not performed on this day. Because Shri Ramji and Mata Sita had to cut 14 years of Vanvas. Even after 14 years of Vanvas, Ram had abandoned pregnant Sita. In this way, Princess Sita never got the pleasure of the Queen. Maternally Sita is considered the daughter of Mithila. Therefore, Mithilasi is very sensitive to the sufferings and sorrows of Sita. That is why people do not marry their daughters on the day of Panchami in many places.
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When is the Vivah Panchami?
Vivah Panchami on Panchami Tithi of Shukla Paksha of Margashirsha month as per Hindu Panchang or Hindu Calendar. Vivah Panchami on Saturday, December 19, 2020 as per English Calendar.
That is why people do not marry their daughters on the day of Vivaha Panchami. It is feared that his daughter’s married life should not be as painful as Sita’s. Not only this, the Ram Katha done on Vivaha Panchami ends with the marriage of Ram and Sita. Because the story ahead of both of their lives is full of sorrow and grief and the story is concluded only after this auspicious day.
Vivah Panchami is celebrated as the marriage anniversary of Ram and Sita. According to the mythological belief, Panchami of the Shukla Paksha of Margashirsha (Aghan) month was the Swayamvara of Ram-Sita. This festival is celebrated with much enthusiasm and faith in Mithilanchal and Nepal.
According to mythological Granth(पुराणिक ग्रंथो), Lord Rama and Goddess Sita are incarnations of Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi. Both incarnated as human beings to set the example of an ideal and decent life in society. Ram-Sita was married in Mithilanchal on the fifth day of the bright fortnight of Aghan month.
Ram Sita Vivah Katha (Marriage Story of Ram & Sita)
Ram-Sita Marriage Story – It is told in the Puranas that Lord Rama and Goddess Sita are incarnations of Lord Vishnu and Mother Lakshmi. Sita is the daughter of Rama and King Janak, born in the house of King Dasharatha. It is said that Sita was born from the earth. While Janak was running the plow, he found a small child. It was named Sita, she was called Janakanandini.
It is believed that once in childhood Sita lifted the bow kept in the temple very easily. The bow was not raised by anyone other than Parashuram. Then King Janaka decided that Sita would be married to whoever would be able to lift this bow of Shiva.
After that, the day of Sita’s Swayamvar was fixed and messages were sent everywhere. At that time Lord Rama and Lakshmana reached the Swayamvara as a spectator with Maharishi Vasistha. Many kings made efforts, but none could move that bow. It was a distant thing to offer a letter. Desperate Janaka expressed his pain in front of Vashishta in Karun’s words, “Is there no one worth my daughter?”
Then Maharishi Vasistha ordered Lord Rama to participate in this Swayamvara. Obeying his Guru’s orders, Lord Shriram raised the bow and offered it to him that the bow broke. In this way, he fulfilled the condition of Swayamvara and was found eligible to marry Sita.
Ram and Sita are spouses reflecting love, dedication, lofty values and ideals in the Indian public. In the Puranas, there is no son, brother, warrior and king like Rama. Similarly, in the history-mythology, Sita – no daughter, wife, mother, daughter-in-law. That is why in our society Ram and Sita are accepted, appreciated and worshiped as ideal husband and wife. In view of this, it is a tradition to celebrate the marriage anniversary of Ram-Sita as a celebration.